Primary allogeneic T-cell responses against mantle cell lymphoma antigen-presenting cells for adoptive immunotherapy after stem cell transplantation.
Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 2005 Jul 15;11: 5310-8
PURPOSE: In patients treated with allogeneic stem cell transplantation for advanced mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), complete sustained remissions have been observed illustrating susceptibility of MCL cells to a graft-versus-lymphoma effect. To potentiate this graft-versus-lymphoma effect, adoptive transfer of in vitro selected MCL-specific CTL can be an attractive approach. The lack of expression of costimulatory molecules on MCL cells hampers the generation of MCL-reactive T-cell responses. The purpose of this study was to modify MCL cells into antigen-presenting cells (APC) and to use these MCL-APCs to induce allogeneic MCL-reactive T-cell responses.
EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, CpG, and CD40 activation were tested for their capacity to up-regulate costimulatory molecules on MCL cells. Primary MCL cells or the modified MCL-APCs were then used to evaluate the induction of MCL-reactive T-cell responses in HLA-matched donors.
RESULTS: Ligation of CD40 on MCL cells was essential to up-regulate costimulatory molecules and to induce production of high amounts of IL-12. In contrast to primary MCL cells, MCL-APC cells as stimulators were capable of inducing CD8+ CTL lines from HLA class I-matched donors. High numbers of CTL clones could be generated capable of efficiently killing the primary MCL cells and MCL-APC but not donor-specific targets.
CONCLUSION: These results show the feasibility to generate primary allogeneic T-cell responses against MCL-APC, and may provide new immunotherapeutic tools to further exploit the graft-versus-lymphoma effect following allogeneic stem cell transplantation in patients with MCL.