Inhibition of collagen-induced arthritis by DNA vaccines encoding TCR Vbeta5.2 and TCR Vbeta8.2.
Chinese medical journal 2009 May 05;122: 1039-48
BACKGROUND: Arthritogenic T lymphocytes with common T cell receptor (TCR) Vbeta clonotypes, infiltrating in the articulars of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, play a central role in the pathogenesis of RA. TCR Vbeta5.2 and TCR Vbeta8.2 are the main pathogenic T cell clonotypes in the course of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) progression in Lewis rats. To investigate a TCR-based immunotherapy for RA, we constructed recombinant DNA vaccines encoding TCR Vbeta5.2 and TCR Vbeta8.2, and evaluated the inhibitive effects of the two vaccines on CIA rats.
METHODS: Genes encoding TCR Vbeta5.2 and TCR Vbeta8.2 were amplified by RT-PCR from spleen lymphocytes of Lewis rats and cloned into the eukaryotic expression vector pTargeT. The expression of vaccines was confirmed by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. The inhibitive effects of the vaccines on articulars of CIA rats were assessed with arthritis index evaluation and histology. Interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) and interleukin (IL)-4 production by spleen lymphocytes were tested with enzyme-linked immunospot assay (ELISPOT) technique, the changes in peripheral CD4(+) and CD8(+) lymphocyte populations were tested by flow cytometry, and the level of anti-CII antibody in serum was assayed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
RESULTS: Recombinant DNA vaccines pTargeT-TCR Vbeta5.2 and pTargeT-pTCR Vbeta8.2 were successfully constructed. Both vaccines inhibited CIA, which alleviated the arthritis index score (P
CONCLUSION: The recombinant plasmids pTargeT-TCR Vbeta5.2 and pTargeT-TCR Vbeta8.2 have obvious inhibatory effects on CIA rats and better effects could be achieved when the vaccines were used in combination.